ABA therapy is individualized based on the BCBA’s findings from an initial assessment and subsequent assessments (Such as the ABLLS-R, the PEAK Assessment, VB-MAPP, Essentials for Living, and Functional Assessments). After assessment, a BCBA writes and implements a treatment plan. This plan is continually monitored and modified based on the individual’s progress. ABA interventions typically focus on the following areas:
- Behavioral management: Reducing dangerous and/or disruptive behavior such as aggression, self-injury, property destruction, and elopement.
- Social Skills: Teaching children and adolescents how to establish and maintain peer relationships, reciprocate conversations, and recognize and respond to nonverbal cues from peers in social situations.
- Verbal Behavior: Creating an effective communication process to allow the expressing of wants, needs, and feelings using an expressive language, an augmented alternative communication device or American Sign Language (ASL).
- Adaptive Living Skills: Teaching skills needed for an individual to function safely, independently, and appropriately on a daily basis. Living skills include: toileting, grooming, dressing, meal time behavior, housekeeping chores, gross and fine motor skills, prerequisite skills for employment, how to seek employment, and skills needed for independent living in adulthood.
Go to “Getting Started with ABA Therapy” to learn more about starting services with BBH.